Definition: Competency-based grading or learning are all about ensuring that students are focused on what they know and can do. Schools determine the particular competencies they want students to be able to achieve by graduation, and then they assess students along a proficiency scale to ensure proficiency of particular skills and content. Many folks use this term interchangeably with standards-based, mastery-based, performance-based, outcome-based grading and learning but there are subtle differences between the terms.
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