Reflection: The action of intentionally considering our learning throughout the process with the purpose of sharing learning, exploring challenges and tracking the progress of goal completion and setting. This activity focuses on metacognition and understanding ourselves as learners.

Self-assessment: The process of determining success based on predetermined criteria and providing evidence to support our own assessment of our own work.

Elements of reflection (see below for more details)

Ways to use reflection and self-assessment:


Boucher, D. (n.d.). Encouraging Student Self-Reflection. from

Sackstein, S. (n.d.). Confer with Students in High School Math for Deeper Learning. from

Sackstein, S. (n.d.). Deepen Reflection, Deepen Learning. from

Sackstein, S. (n.d.). Teaching Reflection in Steps. from

Sackstein, S., & Pennington, R. (n.d.). Bringing Reflection into Your Classroom: Why It Matters. from

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